India needs nuclear culture

“In order to cope with the rapidly racing need of energy and lower CO2 pollution, India has no other alternative than going for more nuclear energy,” says Pasi Tuohimaa, Head of Communications, Corporate Relations, Teollisuuden Voima Oyj (TVO)
TVO is the forerunner in supplying safe, reliable nuclear power in Finland. Half of the produced electricity is used to keep the wheels of industry rolling, while the other half flows to households, services, and agriculture via local energy companies all around Finland. In an email conversation, Pasi Tuohimaa shares how TVO is working to create high nuclear security culture.
TVO has been generating electricity for Finnish society for more than 30 years. How the nuclear power sector has evolved since TVO started its journey?We have been generating electricity for Finnish society more than 35 years. Nuclear power sector is now the basic power producer in Finland with 27 per cent of the Finnish electricity. The government has already made the decision to race the amount of nuclear energy. TVO is building at the moment at our site a new 1,600 MW Olkiluoto 3 reactor, and there are already licences for two more reactors in Finland, one for us and one for other company.
Nuclear power contributes less than 3 per cent of India’s total energy generation. Where do you see the future nuclear power in India?I know that India has very ambitious goals to lift the amount of nuclear energy in the country. In order to cope with the rapidly racing need of energy and lower CO2 pollution, India has no other alternative than going for more nuclear energy.
At least 36 new nuclear reactors are planned or proposed in India. What is your plan about India?We are a company that is only producing energy for our owners for the value they own our sheers. The owners can do with their energy what they wish — sell it to the Nordic energy market, use it in their own industries or sell it to their own private customers like our 135 local electricity companies do.
The aftermath of Fukushima has raised many questions about nuclear power. Is nuclear power with its attendant waste and safety issues worth having?Absolutely yes! In Finland, we have the highest nuclear security regulators in the world and a very high nuclear security culture. As a developed country, we have already made the decisions to take care of the nuclear disposal. The final depository place is almost built, and we plan to start final disposal in the 2020s. If Fukushima would have had, for example, the SAM-system (Severe Accident Mitigation), less damage would have happened.
India should follow very carefully the security culture that the plant suppliers bring with. That will be a big issue, a big consideration and maybe a chance of culture for India.

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