Reducing Transmission Cost by Efficient Energy Management

Reducing Transmission Cost by Efficient Energy Management
“Malfunctioning in poorly built up distribution network or loose joints with an unprofessional treatment lead to greater amount of energy loss and power thefts which banks upon the pockets of middle class,” said Ashok Kaushik, Vice President – India operations, Ensto Ltd
The dilemma of efficient power  distribution management has always been a concerning factor for state and central power distributors. Power thefts, power shortage, low voltage and non-standardised set up of distribution lines creates a feeling of unrest among the end-consumers who clamour for better services and uninterrupted power supply. At the ground level, they are compelled to raise their voice against the flawed policies and operations in the power distribution system.
Interestingly, the problem in distribution system is compounded by lack of foresight and poor planning at the authority/decision making levels at both State and Centre. Further, it is augmented by poor monitoring of electricity supply and transmission lines from the grids by private distributors. Adding to losses in the distribution network, the companies dealing with power supply are reluctant to adapt to changes for energy efficiency or conservation. Energy efficiency is the most prominent and constructive way to handle high end prices for power supply in the country and very little is done to pass on the benefits to the customers. In India, consumers are rarely informed about energy conservation issues and are overburdened with hefty electricity bills, thus resulting into total mess. The recent northern grid failure is a grim reminder to the complete failure of the government and the power distribution companies which disturbed almost half of the nation for long hours.
In the existing scenario, there is an urgent need for efficient energy management as well as creating an ecosystem for use of clean technology and appliances that consume less energy. The malfunctioning in poorly built up distribution network or loose joints with an unprofessional treatment lead to greater amount of energy loss and power thefts which banks upon the pockets of middle class.
Power companies should focus on how to produce energy through effective efficiency and not through economic deficiency. The government should keep in mind that consumers should be provided with an apt distribution network and Discoms should demand government to allocate funds in this field so that energy conservation is accomplished in a judicious manner.
Energy efficiency can be ascertained through use of solar energy, wind energy, Hydel power energy or usage of any modern energy efficient products which helps in energy saving and is relatively cheap on pocket in reference to energy consumption. Industries require large amount of power to fulfil their production capacity and these processes usually degrade the environment with hazardous wastes discarded in the nature. The energy consumption in buildings can be done through installation of modern electrical system and energy efficient product which not only reduces the cost but the advanced protecting system in it; it also saves lives from uncertainties.
Efficient energy management is not only restricted to ultimate consumers but it also comprises of a whole process initiating from energy generation to energy consumption. In India, majority of losses occurs in distribution of power which is not given a substantial amount of concern. Primarily power transmission was enabled with the help of generating stations from where it was further bifurcated to load stations but somehow this process was deprived in order to cope up with the full fledged national demand. After this, national grids were built and installed to ensure safe and reliable transmission which not only saves the time but also promotes minimal wastage with quite a good amount of transmission at the one go.
 Facilitation of efficient energy to various parts of India can only be achieved through a proper set up of national grids throughout the country which will support inter-region energy transfer and with this uneven energy distribution in India will be improved. Just concentrating on the band till installation of smart grids doesn’t improve the situation, maintaining them is also another indispensable aspect. Energy efficiency through smart grinds benefits in many ways, it transfers power from surplus regions to deficit regions easily as compared to load stations. Set up of smart grid ensures maximum utilisation of resources from diversified regions, it ensures reliability, it’s economical and it transmits and distributes quality power. India has set up a target of achieving 2,00,000 MW of installed capacity for the nation till the end of 2012 and in this development main concern resides over the fact how efficient and robust are transmission and distribution lines. The distribution lines in India are build without proper connectors and aluminium jointing technology which usually collapse during peak hours due to overload of voltage and thus results in power losses.
Electricity demand is rising every day because of dynamic inflation in population and in this decisive hour, we need smart grids in our nation which performs most of the tasks automatically without any congestion. High quality joints, competent professionals and tough tools and equipment should be put in use to reduce transmission costs incurred during power distribution. There is a very urgent need of electricity up gradation in India as natural resources are also running out of nature. Consumers are usually made fools in order to sell energy efficient products as it lacks proper IS standards. Energy efficiency through smart grids is reliable, safe, secure and economical. It provides power quality for the digital economy where figures are energy consumption figure is massive and indulgence of IT in grids helps in solving the problems in fractions because of complete chip based process which makes it effortless to cater to the potholed problem.
The Indian lighting industry is growing at a rate of 10 to 12 per cent from past few years, but the result in regard to energy efficiency is not that fruitful. This growth has somehow created a gap between demand and supply so companies should make it a point to develop a platform where this gap can be bridged. It is mandatory to create an environment where buyers and sellers, government agencies, private players and other institutions linked with energy production and conservation can share some ideas where new methods can be adapted to reduce transmission cost with efficient energy management.

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