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Home » Special Report » Methods to deal with challenges while implementing rooftop solar programs

Methods to deal with challenges while implementing rooftop solar programs

November 29, 2022 12:35 pm

Methods to deal with challenges while implementing rooftop solar programs
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The two most serious issues faced by the global DISCOMs in promoting rooftop solar are evaluation and implementation.
Some challenges include net metering programs, where both the customer and the owner face price losses. So definitely, it is not a practical investment for the rooftop owner.
Another problem we faced was that the DISCOMs wanted us to have an inverter, which was 80 percent of the total solar capacity. This is a complete waste of investment; therefore, the entire solar generation is not used effectively. Due to the mentioned challenges, there has yet to be a successful, effective net metering programme seen so far, and DISCOMs are unable to recover their investment.
There are methods of overcoming these challenges, such as the ongoing project at the Punjab Guru Nanak Dev India College, where they are additionally using a captive power policy with net metering. As the entire campus doesn’t have solar modules, including the hostel, the PSPL developed an attractive net metering program, but it needs to be more sustainable. Looking at the details of the programs, PSPL would lose money. As a result, DISCOMs’ owners should promote rooftop solar and contribute to rooftop solar by developing a community-sized battery. Instead of having multiple batteries in the local community, rooftop owners should have just one. They should invest in power trading instead of energy trading, which will be more effective.
In addition to ensuring that communities reach net zero, it would also ensure that the utility participates, which means that utilities are depleting or losing money  from their top line. In other words, I would be utilising my generation if I became a 10-kW utility customer and installed a rooftop solar system during the day. Therefore, even when a distribution system with a capacity of 10 kilowatts is available for a client because they are producing six kilowatts during the day, they become a 4-KW customer. However, they are using power from the grid at night for their own consumption.
Prateek Saxena, Founder & CEO of Hygge Energy, says that discounts have become relatively unprofitable. “What we suggest is power trading, where the unit of electricity goes to access whatever is not being consumed by the customer and goes to the battery, and then the utility bills that access the customers in the community at the prevalent price.” We are not asking or suggesting that it should be at a green power tariff. “It should be the same regulated price at which utility companies sell their products so that some of the costs can be recovered.”
According to economics, utilities pay not only for power and transmission but also for significant transmission losses. Therefore, a suspended expense generates a form of profit that may be shared by the utility and the solar owner, creating a scheme similar to community net metering. The fact that the battery helps to generate local resilience is what the utilities like best about the entire scheme. It further enhances the advantages of demand response. We are encouraging utilities to participate in the local solar power trade to increase efficiency and create a win-win situation for everyone.

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